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archaeology (noun) the study of the ancient cultures of different races of humankind with the help of the remains of the buildings, monuments, objects, etc..
The remains of ancient buildings, monuments, coins, objects of other kinds, lying almost underground and dug out, yield a lot of information about the civilization, ways of living of the people of those times in those areas. The study of such things to know about such civilizations is called archaeology (also archeology). Archeologists can decide with near accuracy the period to which the civilization and the race of the site they are studying belong. An important activity in archeology is the digging up (excavation) of the cites of ancient civilizations to study the ancient habitations devastated by earth quakes, floods, etc..
- A test known as Carbon 14 test is used very commonly in archeology to decide very accurately the exact period to which the objects found in excavations belong.
- We owe entirely to archeology our knowledge of the civilizations of ancient countries like Egypt, Greece and India.