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autonomous (adj) (of a region, an institution, or a government) functioning independently of outside control.
'Autonomous' implies organizations being independent in matters of administration and having control over their own affairs. A region in a country which has a self-governing status is autonomous. That is, it is independent of the country of which it forms a part and still depends on it in certain matters.
- Kashmir, a state of India, unlike all other states of the country enjoys a limited autonomous status and is subject to much less control than the other states by the Central Government in certain matters.
- Most colleges in the United States have affiliations with big universities and form part of them but are autonomous in academic matters, that is, in planning various courses for various graduate and post-graduate programs.