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bane (noun) a cause of ruin, trouble, and sorrow; poison.
Anything that causes trouble or ruin to someone and makes them unhappy is a bane. Pollution is the bane of the modern city life. This means, people of the modern times are greatly troubled and unhappy because of pollution. Drugs are the bane of the youth, that is, drugs are the ruin of the youth.
- Poverty and illiteracy are the bane of most of Afro-Asian nations, which are caught in the vicious circle of poverty perpetuating illiteracy and illiteracy being in the way of prosperity.
- Technology is both a boon and a bane of the modern society. While it brings with it greater comfort and prosperity to human life, it causes problems like pollution, radiation, and global warming.