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capacity (noun) mental or physical ability; (of a hall, theatre, etc.) the number of people they can hold; the volume of a container; official position; the size or power of an engine.
The ability of a person, mental or physical, to understand or to do something is their capacity. If a person has the capacity to sing, they have the ability to sing, they can sing. When a person has the capacity to walk long distances, he can do it. If a person can understand difficult and complicated procedures, he has the capacity for it. The number of people that can sit in a hall, a theatre, or travel in a car, is the capacity of the hall, theater or the car respectively. The car has a capacity of only four. This means that only four people can travel in the car. The capacity of a can or a jug is the volume of the liquid it can bottle. A fifteen gallon capacity barrel can contain fifteen gallons of any liquid. The official power a person has is their capacity. 'In my capacity as a police officer, I order their arrest.' This means that with my official powers as a police officer, I order their arrest. The size or the power of an engine expressed in horsepower is its capacity.
- Every person has endless capacity to talk to others if the others are willing to listen, but they have little capacity to listen to others.
- The bus has a capacity of thirty five passengers, but it can carry thirty passengers very comfortably.
- The more the capacity of a hall, the greater is the need for fail-safe safety measures, like fire prevention devices, and anti-stampede gateways.