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cognate (adj) related (by family); (of words) of the same origin; related or similar.
When two persons are related by blood, (as they belong to the same family) they are cognate. Close cousins, brothers, and sisters are cognate. When two or more words are of same origin they are cognate to each other. 'Mother' in English is cognate to the Sanskrit word 'Matha', that is, they are of the same origin. Cognate also means related to, or similar to. Astronomy and Physics are cognate in that the two subjects are closely related to each other. They have many areas in common, and the same principles and formulas are found in both.
- All European languages and the languages of North India are cognate to one another, as they belong to the class of Indo-European family of languages having the same origin.
- A development cognate to the Industrial Revolution in England is the process of urbanization and desertion of the countryside.