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cognizance (noun) knowledge or understanding.
When you know something or understand it, you have a cognizance of it. When you know that someone is good or observe that they are good, you have cognizance of their goodness. 'His cognizance of the importance of the case is doubtful, as he isn't paying much attention to it.' This means that as he is not paying proper attention to the case, it is doubtful if he knows its importance. I have taken cognizance of the expenses involved in buying that site, that is, I know well I will have to spend a lot to buy the house. A cognizance of the seriousness of his disease is worrying him. He is worried because he knows his disease is serious.
- In spite of his cognizance of the fact that a lot of money needs to be saved for his children's education, he hasn't stopped being extravagant.
- Fortunately for her, the judge has taken cognizance of the fact that she is not in good health, so he has reduced the punishment.