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convention (noun) custom; an agreement, as between nations; an assembly.
A custom, or a practice long followed by a society, as part of the way of living of the members of the society, is a convention. The average behavior of the members of a society, their practices held as normal and followed for a long time are conventions. Marriage is an important convention in most societies of the world. That is, the usual practice in most societies is for a woman and man united by marriage to lead life together, have children, and bring them up, as they themselves have been brought up. For a woman to adopt the name of her husband's family is the convention. That is, the usual practice is for a woman to adopt the husband's family name. A meeting of all people belonging to a particular profession, a political party, etc., is also a convention. A convention of cardiologists is a periodical meeting of cardiologists to discuss issues relating to their profession. The convention of the Republican Party is a meeting of all the members of the party. An agreement or a pact, as among nations, is a convention. The Geneva convention on the treatment of prisoners of war is an agreement among the nations about the treatment of prisoners of war.
- It is the convention among most societies to observe a certain number of days after a person's death, as days of mourning, and not to have any festivities during those days.
- The UN convention on human rights prohibits anything that deprives a person of their right to liberty of thought, of speech, and of action.