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conviction (noun) finding (in a court of law) someone guilty; a strong belief; the feeling of being sure of something.
A judge concluding that someone has committed a crime, or a person being proved guilty, is conviction. The conviction of a person means that the person has been found to have committed a crime. A conviction is followed by a sentence or a punishment. 'His conviction for theft has earned him a jail term for three months.' This means that the judge declared he had committed the crime and gave him a punishment of three months’ imprisonment. A person of strong beliefs is a person of convictions. A person has some convictions, if they have strong beliefs about something. 'Gandhi's conviction was that politics and truth can go together.' This means that Gandhi's firm belief was that even in politics truth can be practiced. A feeling of being sure that something is correct is also conviction. When you say with conviction that someone is great, you feel sure they are great.
- Not everyone was sure that Felix had committed the murder, so the judge's conviction of him for murder and the sentence that followed came as a surprise to many.
- Jane had strongly believed that marriage was a union of hearts, and not merely a man and a woman living together. This conviction of hers, however, was shaken when she found her husband unfaithful to her.