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defection (noun) desertion; leaving one's own party, group, country, etc., to join the enemy.
Sometimes people, especially politicians, leave their own party and join the opposite party, usually for selfish purposes. Such an action is defection. People leaving their own country to live in another country, especially an enemy country is defection. There were a number of defections from the former Soviet Union to the US by the USSR nationals. That is, a number of Soviet citizens left their country for permanent settlement in the US.
- In their desire for power, politicians usually indulge in defections from their parties to the party that can most probably form the government. They change colors for personal gain.
- During the Cold War, there were defections of many significant military personnel from the communist countries, especially from the USSR, to the US.