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disenfranchise (verb) to take away the rights of a citizen, especially the right to vote.
When a person is disenfranchised, their rights, especially their right to vote, are taken away. The blacks in the southern states of the US were disenfranchised for a long time; that is, they had no right to vote. Certain laws in the past in some countries denied women voting rights. That is, these laws disenfranchised them.
- A number of citizens especially women in many countries had been disenfranchised until laws granting them the voting right came into force, rather late, in the twentieth century.
- The suffragette movement in Britain put an end to discrimination against women who had been disenfranchised for long, and so could not vote.