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drudgery (noun) long, hard, tiring, boring work, which is menial.
The long, boring, and tedious menial work a person is burdened with is drudgery. In the olden days slaves were subject to drudgery. That is, they had to work for long hours and do all kinds of tiring jobs. Domestic servants even today in some of the countries do drudgery, that is, work on for long hours, and are not properly paid. Women, who did not have the help of modern technology, spent long hours doing laborious work in the kitchen and this was drudgery. The books of some of the great writers were the products of drudgery as they worked on them for days and months together but were paid very low.
- Steam, gas, electricity, and electronic cooking have freed the modern house worker from the drudgery of their kitchens which the women of the olden days had to endure.
- Before labor laws were enacted, workers had to do long hours of drudgery in the unhealthy environment of their factories, with the wages too low.