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enfranchise (verb) give citizenship rights, especially voting right (usually, to a group of people).
When a section of people in a country are given voting rights, they are enfranchised. It is giving them citizenship rights of the country. Women in the US were not enfranchised till 1920; that is, they had no right to vote till then.
- The US civil war saw the enfranchisement of the blacks. As it resulted in their getting the right to vote, that is, the right to have a say in the formation of government.
- It is really surprising that even in the most enlightened and advanced countries like Britain and the US, women had to wait for a long time to be enfranchised. They could win the right to vote only after a lot of struggle.