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inductive (adj) (logic) proceeding from the particular to the general.
If you seek to establish the point that a statement which is true in a number of particular cases must be true in all cases, that is, when you use particular facts to arrive at a general principle, the process is inductive. Inductive process of argument is used to prove a number of theorems in mathematics. The first student, then the second one, then the third one, the fourth one, and so on are individually brilliant, so all the students in the class must be brilliant. This is an example of inductive argument. In other words an inductive argument is the process of generalization.
- Your experience of a random sampling of Japanese has shown you they are all hard working. So by inductive logic you conclude that all Japanese are hard working.
- Francis Bacon, the great scholar and writer of the 16th century England is supposed to have popularized inductive logic.