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mitigate (verb) lessen the severity, unpleasantness, harmfulness of something.
When you mitigate the effects of something, you make it less harmful or less severe. World over, the governments are working out schemes to mitigate poverty; that is, they are doing their best to reduce poverty in their countries. 'The increase in old age allowance has mitigated the suffering of the old.' This means that the increase in allowance has lessened their suffering.
- The rain was timely. It mitigated the drought conditions in the area by providing the required water for irrigation.
- The government has to take measures to mitigate the evil effects of deforestation, by having more trees planted and by conservation of forests.