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premise (noun) statement or idea forming the basis of an argument
You argue on a certain premise if you take a statement as true and base your argument on it. ‘The legal systems of some of the countries are based on the premise that no one is guilty until they are proved so’. This means that the legal systems are based on the idea that no person should be considered guilty until they are proved to be guilty. Astrology is based on the premise that certain stars and planets stand for certain qualities. That is, astrologers base their predictions on the assumptions that stars and planets stand for certain qualities.
- Certain religions proceed on the premise that human beings are born sinners, and advocate a process of purification. It is on the basis of this idea that they want people to make purifying prayers.
- Most religions assume that after death good human beings go to heaven, a place of joy, and the bad human beings go to hell, a place of punishment. It is on this premise that they preach people to be good and to do good.