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recalcitrant (adj) stubborn, disobedient.
A recalcitrant pupil is a disobedient pupil. They refuse to follow rules even after punishment. Recalcitrant people are not only unwilling to follow rules but are difficult to control. They resist authority.
- The university has decided to suspend the recalcitrant students. They took the action to warn the other students that they will not tolerate such stubbornness and disobedience.
- His recalcitrant nature led to the leaders of the party and most members disliking him. His suspension from the party appears inevitable.