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refractory (adj) 1 [of a person/animal] stubborn, difficult to control. 2 [of a disease] difficult to treat or cure.
A refractory child is a stubborn child disobeying its parents or teachers. A refractory horse doesn’t obey the commands of the rider. A refractory mob is difficult to control. A refractory employee resists their employer’s authority.
- The traveler across the desert had to face a lot of hardship because the camel on which he rode turned out to be refractory. It would not obey his commands and gave him a lot of trouble.
- Refractory even as a child, he dropped out of school and joined a circus troupe. He never obeyed his teachers and parents and he found that some of the animals he had to tame and train were as refractory as he had been as a boy.