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sentient (adj) able to experience things through the senses.
The human being is sentient. That is they are capable of experiencing the world around them through their senses – their eyes, their ears, their nose, their tongue and their ability to feel things when they touch them. So, we say that man is a sentient being. So are animals because they also experience the world around through the senses.
- Jagdish Chandra Bose discovered that plants are also sentient beings. They have the sense of touch, and so they feel.
- We can hurt sentient beings, because they have the sense of feeling. When they are hurt, they feel the pain.